Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs and Cats

by Robert Hudson

 

Diabetes mellitus occurs when your dog or cat has stopped producing insulin, has inadequate levels of insulin, or has an abnormal response to insulin.

 

While there is no cure, the disease needs to be managed and when done properly your dog or cat will live an otherwise normal life.

 

In dogs, diabetes mellitus is common, but not limited to  middle-aged to older animals, and females in particular. When it does happen in young dogs it is a sign it may be  hereditary to the entire litter.  Some breeds  including Toy Poodles, Terriers, Cocker Spaniels, Dachshunds, Doberman Pinschers, German Shepherds, Labrador Retrievers, and Golden Retrievers have a higher rate of occurence.

 

In cats, diabetes mellitus is more common in older or overweight cats Certain breeds, such as Siamese cats, experience an above-average rate of diabetes.

 

Signs of Diabetes in Pets

1. Urinates frequently
Your dog or cat wants to go outside often. Your dog may urinate in the house; your cat may urinate outside of the litter box.
2. Drinks a lot of water
You must fill the water bowl more often than before, or notice your cat or dog drinking from unusual places, such as the toilet bowl.
3. Is always hungry
Never seems to get enough; always begging for food.
4. Has lost weight5. Eyes appear cloudy
This sign is only present in dogs.
6. Coat has deteriorated
Your cat has stopped grooming, and fur becomes dry and dull.
7. Sleeps more or is less active

If you do nothing then it becomes life threatening.  The effects upon your pets is life changing. For dogs the most common diabetes-related issues include
• Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia (that may be induced by incorrect insulin dosing)
• Ketoacidosis (ketones and high acidity in body fluids)
• Cataracts
• Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia (that may be induced by transient remission or incorrect insulin dosing)
• Chronic pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
• Poor grooming and dry, lusterless coat
• Recurrent infections
• Ketoacidosis (ketones and high acidity in body fluids)
• Peripheral Neuropathy (nerve dysfunction resulting in an abnormal stance)

1 out of 100 dogs has it by the age of 12 and between 1 in 50 or 1 in 500 cats will also have this condition. In diabetic cats and dogs, their pancreatic cells produce little or no insulin, or there is an abnormal response to the insulin that is produced.

In the following interview, we discuss Diabetes in detail